Most people who experience tooth pain owe it to tooth decay. The process starts when your enamel starts breaking down to form pockets on the tooth surface. Bacteria accumulate in the pockets and produce acid that eats into the structure of the tooth and causes decay.
There are forms of decay that one may treat with proper hygiene, but others need a dentist. It is essential to visit an emergency dentist in Townsville when one begins to notice signs of decay. The first thing one is likely to see is white spots on teeth.
These occur when teeth lose calcium and plaque builds up in a process often referred to as demineralization. From there, the below steps follow:
The decay of the enamel
After white spots form, the enamel starts to break beneath the surface of the teeth. When a person has gotten to this stage, remineralization may not help to restore the lost minerals in the enamel.
Soon, the enamel develops lesions. When decay continues, the tooth surface can start to break. One should not wait until teeth begin to break to pursue dental attention.
The decay of the dentin
If tooth decay is not taken care of during the second stage, acids and bacteria continue to eat at the enamel, forming lesions that later reach the dentin. This is the part between the pulp and the enamel. Immediately decay reaches the dentin; one begins to suffer intense pain.
Often, this pain will be a sharp one, experienced at intervals, or in response to stimuli like cold beverages and hot foods. When the enamel weakens enough, it collapses and results in the formation of a cavity. Here, one is likely to need a filling.
Involving the pulp
The pulp typically forms the center of the tooth. It consists of live cells and tissue called odontoblasts. It is these cells in the pulp that create dentin, and that connect the pulp and the enamel. If decay gets to the pulp, pus begins to form.
Consequently, it kills nerves and blood vessels in the teeth. One will experience toothache and constant and unyielding pain. To treat this decay, one may need root canal therapy.
The formation of an abscess
This is the last stage of decay and comes with the most pain. When infection gets to the tooth’s root, the nearing bones stand the risk of disease. At this point, the tongue and the gums will swell, and one’s speech may be affected. Here, oral surgery is necessary.
Every stage of decay will demand a different type of treatment. If decay becomes too severe, extraction becomes necessary. The one way to prevent decay is to have a proper regimen for oral care. For instance, use mouthwashes and toothpaste alongside suitable brushes regularly.
One must also watch what they eat, avoiding high sugar diets. Keeping hydrated also helps to produce saliva that nourishes the enamel and cleans the mouth. Finally, one must never substitute regular visits to the dentist with anything else.